COCOYAM

July 17, 2013
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Cocoyam(Taro) is a common name for the corms and tubers of several plants in the family Araceae. It is a perennial, tropical plant primarily grown as a root vegetable for its edible starchy corm, and as a leaf vegetable and is considered a staple in African, Oceanic and Asian cultures. It is believed to have been one of the earliest cultivated plants. Its corms are an important source of starch. Cocoyam can be grown in paddy fields where water is abundant or in upland situations where watering is supplied by rainfall or by supplemental irrigation.
There are three edible cocoyam species in Cameroon; macabo ,ibo and country(common names). The macabo may be white or red.

USES

  • It is often grown as an ornamental plant
  • It is also consumed as food in many parts of Africa

NUTRITION VALUE

Taro is one of the few crops (along with rice) that can be grown under flooded condition. Cocoyam is very rich in vitamin B6 and magnesium.
The leaves are a good source of vitamins A and C and contain more protein than the corms.
Ethnic groups in Cameroon prepare, process and consume cocoyam in many different ways. Some of which are:

  • The pericarp of the corm may be peeled before cooking or cooked and peeled later to eat with any vegetable.
  • Ekwang; a delicacy obtained by wrapping grated peeled corm with younger cococyam leaves plus some palm oil, fish, shrimp, salt, maggi and pepper.
  • Koki beans; prepared by mixing ground black eyed beans, palm oil, young cocoyam leaves, some salt and pepper and wrapping in plantain leaves.
  • Achu; prepared by pounding cocoyam mixed with banana and eating with a yellow or black soup known as achu soup.
  • Koki corn; prepared by mixing ground fresh corn with palm oil, young cocoyam leaves plus some salt and pepper and wrapping in plantain leaves.
  • Akwa; which is prepared by pounding peeled boiled cocoyam and eating with egusi or any vegetable sauce.
  • Kwacoco; prepared by grating cocoyam, add some salt and wrapping in plantain leaves. It can be also called kwacoco bible, when palm oil, fish , shrimps, salt and pepper are added to the ground cocoyam and tied in plantain leaves and boiled.

All parts of the raw cocoyam plant contain a toxic compound, calcium oxalate, which must be destroyed by cooking before consumption. These crystals could be extremely irritating to the throat and mouth lining, causing burning and stinging sensation.

HEALTH BENEFITS

Cocoyam’s richness in vitamin B6 and magnesium makes it good for controlling high blood pressure and protect the heart.
It is very rich in dietary fibre too, and good for proper glucose metabolism.
Popular amongst diabetics in Africa, may be due to its content of loose carbohydrate in form of starch rather than sugar.
The starch is easily digestible and grains are fine and small and often used for baby food.

42 Comments. Leave new

its not detailed enough

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Hi Christy, thank you for going through our work and commenting on it. We will love to understand what you mean by ‘not detailed enough’ and learn how we can improve it.

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Not so relevant

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Love the info on egusi. My fiance and i gained a lot from the article. Already bookmarked your website. Thanks:-)

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Hi Mowa, thank you so much for visiting our site. We greatly appreciate and wish to help you with many more useful information in the future. Visit often! My regards to your fiance.

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Adeyemi Babatope James
November 21, 2013 1:49 pm

The Review is eduative. Cocoyam Porridge is also a good and delicious one. Pls how is cocoyam vegetable soup is prepared again?

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Waooh!Dat was very educative,though i knew somethings about d food but i’ve learnt more today. Keep doing ur gud works.i’m so impressed,welldone (ñdewo).A luvly day

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Dear Sexton, thank you for visiting our site and leaving such positive comment. We promise to provide you with more educative information so please do visit more often and spread the word.

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I hav a relative who asked me if cocoyam has much starch and i said yes. I dont knw if he is diabetic but i need tiprs on avoiding starchy foods 2 give him.
Tnks

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Dear Emuobo,
Starchy food is healthy for your diet, as it’s a good source of energy and the main source of nutrients in our diets. As well as starch, they contain fibres, iron, calcium and vitamin B. but if your relative is avoiding starchy food and you are not sure if he is diabetic, I advice he visit a dietician. In the main time, food containing the following should be avoided;
Saturated Fats: High-fat dairy products and animal proteins such as beef, hot dogs, sausage and bacon.
Trans Fats: Found in processed snacks, baked goods, stick margarines and should be avoided completely.
Cholesterol: Found in high-fat dairy products and high-fat animal proteins, egg yolks, shellfish, liver, and other organ meats.
Sodium: Aim for less than 2,300 milligrams a day.
I hope this small information helps.

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Thanks alot for the information on the nutritional value of cocoyam, but i want to knw if eating of heart organ instead of beef is dangerous.

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i am impress, but pl note that in south south Nigeria, ekpang nkokwo is a delicacy. that is the grated cocoyam wrapped in the cocoyam leaves.and cooked with plenty of fish , crayfish,periwinkle and palmoil.

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Dear Elma,
Thank you for visiting our site. The name ‘ekpang’ sounds almost like ‘ekwang’ here in Cameroon for the same dish..could they have the same origin? Well I guess so :).

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found d information very useful, ll keep on visiting ur site 4 more information on other areas.

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robert abraham
April 4, 2014 6:55 pm

i need to know about the leaf,
how does it prepare before eaten

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robert abraham
April 4, 2014 6:58 pm

Allso i need to know the establishment of this plant until harvesting

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All I want to know can diabetic patient eat cocoyam

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Hey there, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
When I look at your blog site in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet
Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!

Other then that, great blog!

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Can a diabetics patient eat cocoYam?

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how do we farm it very important to know from experts

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So good to know,thanks for the information.

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I just like the valuable information you supply in your articles.
I’ll bookmark your blog and take a look at once more right here regularly.

I am rather certain I will learn lots of new stuff proper right here!

Best of luck for the next!

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Thanks for lighten us

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Can a diabetic patient eat cocoyam ?

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Add Abe-nkati-konto. Soup prepared by adding young taro leaves, groundnuts paste to palmnut soup. It’s a popular soup among the akans in Ghana eaten with fufu. It’s great if prepared with salted tilapia, smoked mudfish.

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why did you limit it to only cameroun??

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Thanks for your wonderful piece. Pls how long must we cook ekwang so that the leaves will still retain its nutrients.

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Thsk for dis healthy information God bless u

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Thanks for your information on taro..Have now know more of the benefits.

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EXCELLENT….IN GHANA COCOYAM CAN ALSO BE PEALED THEN BOILED AFTER, PAWNED INTO FUFUO.
A MUST TRY FOOD…ALSO YOU CAN MARSH IT AFTER ITS BEEN BOILED IN AN HEATHEN WEAR WITH GROUNDNUTS PASTE AND PALM OIL…(NOTE UW MUST FIRST GRIND A LITTLE PEPPER AND A BIT MORE OF FRSH ONIONS BEFORE YOU ADD THE REST TO BE MARSHED WITH ACCORDINGLY..THUS PEPPER AND ONIONS FIRST, THEN THE COOKED COCOYAM, THEN THE MARSHED GROUNDNUTS THEN UW FINALLY ADD THE HOT PALM OIL NOT FORGOTTING A PINCH OF SALT FOR TASTE)

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Nice compilation

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I realy tank u very much 4 ur educativ infomatn. I do ova look it bt now dat i v seen its nutritional value, am goin it. Tnks

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yea it is very good for diabetic patient can be used to replace wheat. Can be pounded as pounded yam very nutritional

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very good for diabetic patient with high nutritional values

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Excellent post! We will be linking to this great article on our site.
Keep up the great writing.

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Gilbert Mbah
June 18, 2015 3:38 pm

Great initiative. Love to know more about on tropical crops and health importance not forgeting their commercial aspect. Thanks.

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DAHUNSI DAYO
June 25, 2015 11:48 am

PLEASE, I WILL LIKE YOU TO BREAK DOWN FOR ME THE NUTRITIONAL FACTS IN; 1. DEEP FRIED COCOYAM
2. DEEP FRIED SWEET POTATOE
3. DEEP FREIED UNRIPE PLANTAIN.
PER 100g

I WILL BE GLAD IF THIS REQUEST ATTENDED TO URGENTLY.

THANKS

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Am Diabetic Patience And Also In Early Stage Pregnancy What Are D Food That I Can Eat

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Hello, I wish for to subscribe for this web site to get hottest updates, so where can i do it please help.

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This site is really interesting, i must comfess. Please try to update more information, tanks.

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Blair Orji H.
April 7, 2016 10:43 am

I think am half way impressed with the comments I have read through. Interesting site. However, I’d like you to be more explicit on how good coco yam is to diabetic patient and how best it can be prepared. Thanks a lot.

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TANZ FOR D USEFUL INFO ON COCOYAM BUT DY R SOME VITAL INFORMATION DAT IS LACKING HERE LIKE D

PLANTING PERIOD, WHEN TO HARVEST, DISEASES N SO ON,PLS TRY N COMPLETE DES INFO DY R SO

IMPORTANT,TANZ N GODBLESS U ALL.

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